Semiconductor materials, such as silicon and germanium, have properties that make them ideal for computer chips, the reason they are so crucial to computer technology. The first semiconductor used in computers was the transistor. Transistors were invented at Bell Laboratories in 1947 by William Shockley, Walter Brattain, and John Bardeen. 

They were working on a replacement for vacuum tubes used until then to control the flow of electricity within electronic devices. Their invention led directly to developing integrated circuits (ICs), which are now found everywhere, from cell phones to spacecraft.

A semiconductor is an element or compound that conducts electricity under some conditions but not others, like silicon. When it comes to computing, this means that semiconductors can turn on and off very quickly in response to electrical signals from other components inside your computer. 

This allows them to act as switches or gateways for the flow of electrons through circuits within your computer’s processor chip (CPU). The faster these switches can be turned on and off, the more calculations per second (CPS) your CPU will be able to perform.

Some of the areas in which semiconductors are doing wonders are listed below.

Transistors

Semiconductors are the foundation of transistors. Transistors allowed us to build smaller devices that could do more things than ever before. From smartphones to tablets to laptops, transistors are everywhere. They’re also used for many other purposes like solar panels or medical imaging equipment.

Computing

Semiconductors are the building blocks of modern computing. They’re responsible for powering all of our devices, from smartphones and laptops to TVs and cars. Without them, we wouldn’t have any of the technology that makes our lives easier today. They play a role in just about every electronic device you can think of.

Appliances

Semiconductor devices are used everywhere, from microwaves to dishwashers. Without them, many of our appliances would be useless. Semiconductors are used to control the flow of electricity and help make electronics work. They’re also used in solar panels, LED lights, and even refrigerators.

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Author

  • Senior Technology Editor Initially worked as a technical writer Editor, Arnold is a cybersecurity specialist, penetration examiner, and a dedicated Java and PHP developer.